Solid-state characterization of AG337 (Thymitaq), a novel antitumor drug

Alekha K. Dash, Praveen Tyle

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Abstract

AG337 (Thymitaq) is an antitumor compound synthesized by Agouron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., using protein structure-based drug design. AG337 is a hydrochloride salt with a molecular formula of C14H12N4OS-2HCl. This compound was subjected to thermal analyses, Karl Fischer titrimetry, powder X-ray diffractometry, scanning electron microscopy, and FTIR. On the basis of the Karl Fischer and thermogravimetric analysis, it was concluded to be a dihydrate. The differential scanning calorimetric studies revealed, that on heating, AG337 dehydrates and form a metastable form with a melting point of 213 °C followed by crystallization into a stable form at 261 °C. This stable form was finally melted at 312 °C with decomposition. On the basis of the FTIR and HPLC studies, it was concluded that the final exothermic peak at 320 °C was due to sample decomposition. The powder X-ray diffraction studies confirmed the existence of these two polymorphs of AG337. Scanning electron microscopic studies revealed that the crystal habits of both the polymorphs were quite different. FTIR spectra of both the polymorphs showed pronounced difference in the range of 600-1800 cm-1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1123-1127
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Volume85
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1996

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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