The effect of phosphate supplementation on bone remodeling was assessed in six mature, healthy beagle dogs. The phosphate supplement was given in divided doses orally, daily for 12 weeks in the form of a neutral potassium phosphate preparation. The dose averaged 108 mg P/kg per day, which is double the normal canine phosphorus intake. Bone remodeling was assessed by measurement, at sacrifice, of areas of cortical bone containing different colorcoded tetracyclines which had been continuously administered during 12-week control and treatment periods; remodeling was assessed kinetically during the control and treatment periods by replicate studies employing47Ca intravenously. Both techniques demonstrated that the principal effect of phosphate supplementation was a significant stimulation of bone formation. Within cortical bone, formation was doubled, from an average of 2.7% to 5.3% per year. The major location of new bone deposits was endosteal. Whole skeletal mineral accretion, measured kinetically, increased 45% above an average control value of 0.154 g/day. These studies suggest that, in the adult dog, "normal" plasma phosphate levels are suboptimal for new bone formation. Even with this short duration of administration, phosphate produced microscopic calcification of the renal parenchyma. However, there was no biochemical evidence of renal functional impairment.
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