Strange hadron production in Au+Au collisions at sNN = 7.7, 11.5, 19.6, 27, and 39 GeV

STAR Collaboration

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Abstract

We present STAR measurements of strange hadron (K0S, Λ, Λ, Ξ, Ξ+, Ω, Ω+, and φ) production at mid-rapidity (|y| < 0.5) in Au+Au collisions at sNN = 7.7 - 39 GeV from the Beam Energy Scan Program at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Transverse momentum spectra, averaged transverse mass, and the overall integrated yields of these strange hadrons are presented versus the centrality and collision energy. Antibaryon-to-baryon ratios (Λ/Λ, Ξ+, Ω+) are presented as well, and used to test a thermal statistical model and to extract the temperature normalized strangeness and baryon chemical potentials at hadronic freeze-out (µB/Tch and µS/Tch) in central collisions. Strange baryon-to-pion ratios are compared to various model predictions in central collisions for all energies. The nuclear modification factors (RCP) and antibaryon-to-meson ratios as a function of transverse momentum are presented for all collision energies. The K0S RCP shows no suppression for pT up to 3.5 GeV/c at energies of 7.7 and 11.5 GeV. The Λ/K0S ratio also shows baryon-to-meson enhancement at intermediate pT (∼2.5 GeV/c) in central collisions at energies above 19.6 GeV. Both observations suggest that there is likely a change of the underlying strange quark dynamics at collision energies below 19.6 GeV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUnknown Journal
StatePublished - Jun 9 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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