Injuries to the subclavian or axillary vessels are associated with a high mortality rate and only patients with short prehospital periods or contained bleeding survive long enough to be treated. The surgical exposure of these vessels can be difficult and excellent knowledge of the local anatomy is critical. This article describes the anatomy, epidemiology, diagnosis, and surgical exposure of these injuries. Newer diagnostic and therapeutic modalities are discussed also.
|Number of pages||17|
|Journal||Surgical Clinics of North America|
|State||Published - 2001|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes