HIV-1 infection of macrophages is a multistep and multifactorial process that has been shown to be enhanced by exposure to methamphetamine (Meth). In this study, we sought to identify the underlying mechanisms of this effect by quantifying the effect of Meth on the proteome of HIV-1-infected macrophages using sequential windowed acquisition of all theoretical fragment ion mass spectra (SWATH-MS) approach. The analyses identified several members of the Rab family of proteins as being dysregulated by Meth treatment, which was confirmed by bioinformatic analyses that indicated substantial alteration of vesicular transport pathways. Validation of the SWATH-MS was performed using an MRM based approach, which confirmed that Meth exposure affects expression of the Rab proteins. However, the pattern of expression changes were highly dynamic, and displayed high donor-to-donor variability. Surprisingly a similar phenomenon was observed for Actin. Our results demonstrate that Meth affects vesicular transport pathways, suggesting a possible molecular mechanism underlying its effect on HIV infection hMDM and a potential broader effect of Meth on cellular homeostasis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology