Sympathetic denervation does not alter the density or properties of alpha-1 adrenergic receptors in rat vas deferens

P. W. Abel, R. D. Johnson, T. J. Martin, K. P. Minneman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alpha-1 adrenergic receptors in surgically denervated rat vas deferens were studied using radioligand binding assays of [125I] BE 2254 ([125I]BE) and contraction measurements. Scatchard analysis of saturation isotherms of specific [125I]BE binding showed no change in the affinity or density of binding sites 4, 7 or 14 days after denervation of rat vas deferens. The potency of norepinephrine in inhibiting specific [125I]BE binding was also unchanged 7 days after denervation of vas deferens. The potency of phenylephrine in causing contraction in vitro did not change 4, 7 or 14 days after denervation of vas deferens; however, there was a significant increase in the maximum contractile response to phenylephrine at all time points. After partial inactivation of alpha-1 adrenergic receptors in vitro with phenoxy-benzamine, there was an equivalent reduction in the number of [125I]BE binding sites in the control and 14-day denervated vas deferens. The equilibrium dissociation constants calculated from contractile measurements for norepinephrine were the same in the control and denervated tissues. However, there was a 2.2-fold increase in contractile sensitivity to norepinephrine 14 days after denervation and a 3.6-fold increase in contractile sensitivity to methacholine 7 days after denervation. These results show that surgical denervation of the rat vas deferens results in an increase in contractile sensitivity to norepinephrine and methacholine and an increase in maximum contraction. However, there is no change in alpha-1 adrenergic receptor density or properties at any time after denervation. Thus, alterations in alpha-1 adrenergic receptors do not contribute to contractile supersensitivity of denervated rat vas deferens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)570-577
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume233
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 1 1985
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

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