Syntheses, NMR and EPR spectroscopy, electrochemical properties, and structural studies of [5,10,15,20- tetrakis(perfluoroalkyl)porphinato]iron(II) and -iron(III) complexes

Kevin T. Moore, James T. Fletcher, Michael J. Therien

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Syntheses, structural studies, electrochemistry, and spectroscopy of a number of [5,10,15,20-tetrakis(heptafluoropropyl)porphinato]iron derivatives are presented. The X-ray crystal structure of 5,10,15,20- tetrakis(heptafluoropropyl)porphinato]iron(II)·(pyridine)2 exhibits a substantial S4 distortion of the porphyrin macrocycle, with the meso-carbon atoms displaced more than 0.6 Å above and below the porphyrin mean plane defined by the four central nitrogen atoms; the most notable aspect of this ferrous porphyrin structure is the fact that it exhibits metrical features commonly manifested in crystallographically characterized ferric porphyrin complexes. X-ray data are as follows: P21/n with a = 12.772(1) Å, b = 18.895(2) Å, c = 19.756(2) Å, β = 99.960(6)°, V = 4695.7(8) Å3, Z = 4, and d(calc) = 1.689 g/cm3. 19F NMR spectroscopy confirms the sensitivity of the 19F nucleus as a probe of macrocycle aromaticity and electronic structure, while 1H NMR spectroscopic studies show large isotropic shifts for the β-protons of the (porphinato)iron(III) chloride derivative (δ = 101.5 and 86.4 ppm). Electrochemical data obtained from cyclic voltammetric and spectroelectrochemical experiments reveal that the E(1/2) value for the Fe(II/III) redox couple for 5,10,15,20- tetrakis(heptafluoropropyl)porphinato]iron·(pyridine)2 is shifted by 550 mV relative to that observed for the corresponding (porphinato)iron(III) chloride complex. The cathodic electrochemistry of [5,10,15,20- tetrakis(heptafuoropropyl)porphinato]iron·(pyridine)2 is also unusual in that the first one-electron reduction of this complex produces a largely macrocycle-localized radical anion. EPR spectroscopic data shows that 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(heptafluoropropyl)porphinato]iron(III)·(pyridine)2 manifests a pure axial spectrum (Δ/λ = -26.4; Σg2 = 12.53) congruent with a (d(xz),d(yz))4(d(xy))1 electronic ground state. The extraordinary structural, potentiometric, and spectroscopic properties of these (porphinato)iron species arise from substantially reduced metal-centered electron density effected by the macrocycle's non-π-conjugating, σ- electron-withdrawing meso-perfluoroalkyl substituents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5196-5209
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number22
StatePublished - Jun 9 1999
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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