A series of 2-substituted dynorphin A-(1-13) (Dyn A-(1-13)NH2) analogues was prepared by solid phase peptide synthesis and evaluated for opioid receptor affinities in radioligand binding assays and for opioid activity in the guinea pig ileum (GPI) assay. Amino acid substitution at the 2 position produced marked differences in both opioid receptor affinities and potency in the GPI assay; K(i) values for the analogues in the radioligand binding assays and IC50 values in the GPI assay varied over three to four orders of magnitude. The parent peptide, Dyn A-(1-13)NH2, exhibited the greatest affinity and selectivity for kappa receptors and was the most potent peptide examined in the GPI assay. The most important determinant of opioid receptor selectivity and opioid potency for the synthetic analogues was the stereochemistry of the amino acid at the 2 position. Except for [D-Lys2]Dyn A-(1-13)NH2 in the kappa receptor binding assay, the analogues containing a D-amino acid at position 2 were much more potent in all of the assays than their corresponding isomers containing an L-amino acid at this position. The L-amino acid-substituted analogues generally retained some selectivity for kappa opioid receptors. The more potent derivatives with a D-amino acid in position 2, however, preferentially interacted with mu opioid receptors. Introduction of a positively charged amino acid into the 2 position generally decreased opioid receptor affinities and potency in the GPI assay.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||International Journal of Peptide and Protein Research|
|State||Published - Aug 1992|
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