THIS PAPER PRESENTS 5-YEAR data pertaining to a subgroup of patients from a previous investigation who were treated with scaling and root planing plus tetracycline fibers. The parent study demonstrated that 6 months after therapy, scaling and root planing plus tetracycline fiber therapy was significantly better at reducing probing depth and gaining clinical attachment than scaling and root planing alone. However, the long-term data presented here show a regression from the original gains in clinical attachment levels in the fiber group. Ultimately, the use of fibers provided no significant advantage with regards to probing depth reduction or clinical attachment gain. Within the power of this study, which would have required 1.78 mm of change in clinical attachment to show a difference, there was no significant difference between the treatment at 5 years. This study underscores the need for additional long-term evaluation of this mode of therapy.
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