The calcium controversy: Finding a middle ground between the extremes

R. P. Heaney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Involutional bone loss, and the fracture syndromes that are designated 'osteoporosis', are multifactorial phenomena. Gonadal hormone deficiency, inadequate exercise, and a multitude of lifestyle factors are involved in their pathogenesis. Calcium is important during growth, and probably up to about age 35, when peak bone mass is finally achieved. Recent controversy concerning the role of calcium in the middle-aged and elderly, arising out of population studies showing sometimes only weak calcium effects, can be resolved by recognizing the multifactorial character of involutional bone loss, and by careful attention to such details as national differences in habitual calcium intakes. Thus interpreted, metabolic, epidemiologic, and intervention studies are internally condidtent, and indicate that inadequate calcium intake also makes an important contribution to involutional bone loss.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-46
Number of pages11
JournalPublic Health Reports
Volume104
Issue number5 SUPPL.
StatePublished - 1989

Fingerprint

Calcium
Bone and Bones
Gonadal Hormones
Bone Fractures
Osteoporosis
Life Style
Epidemiologic Studies
Exercise
Growth
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

The calcium controversy : Finding a middle ground between the extremes. / Heaney, R. P.

In: Public Health Reports, Vol. 104, No. 5 SUPPL., 1989, p. 36-46.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Heaney, R. P. / The calcium controversy : Finding a middle ground between the extremes. In: Public Health Reports. 1989 ; Vol. 104, No. 5 SUPPL. pp. 36-46.
@article{2d68ab0afd8747baa8ec74763c4ec02c,
title = "The calcium controversy: Finding a middle ground between the extremes",
abstract = "Involutional bone loss, and the fracture syndromes that are designated 'osteoporosis', are multifactorial phenomena. Gonadal hormone deficiency, inadequate exercise, and a multitude of lifestyle factors are involved in their pathogenesis. Calcium is important during growth, and probably up to about age 35, when peak bone mass is finally achieved. Recent controversy concerning the role of calcium in the middle-aged and elderly, arising out of population studies showing sometimes only weak calcium effects, can be resolved by recognizing the multifactorial character of involutional bone loss, and by careful attention to such details as national differences in habitual calcium intakes. Thus interpreted, metabolic, epidemiologic, and intervention studies are internally condidtent, and indicate that inadequate calcium intake also makes an important contribution to involutional bone loss.",
author = "Heaney, {R. P.}",
year = "1989",
language = "English",
volume = "104",
pages = "36--46",
journal = "Public Health Reports",
issn = "0033-3549",
publisher = "Association of Schools of Public Health",
number = "5 SUPPL.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The calcium controversy

T2 - Finding a middle ground between the extremes

AU - Heaney, R. P.

PY - 1989

Y1 - 1989

N2 - Involutional bone loss, and the fracture syndromes that are designated 'osteoporosis', are multifactorial phenomena. Gonadal hormone deficiency, inadequate exercise, and a multitude of lifestyle factors are involved in their pathogenesis. Calcium is important during growth, and probably up to about age 35, when peak bone mass is finally achieved. Recent controversy concerning the role of calcium in the middle-aged and elderly, arising out of population studies showing sometimes only weak calcium effects, can be resolved by recognizing the multifactorial character of involutional bone loss, and by careful attention to such details as national differences in habitual calcium intakes. Thus interpreted, metabolic, epidemiologic, and intervention studies are internally condidtent, and indicate that inadequate calcium intake also makes an important contribution to involutional bone loss.

AB - Involutional bone loss, and the fracture syndromes that are designated 'osteoporosis', are multifactorial phenomena. Gonadal hormone deficiency, inadequate exercise, and a multitude of lifestyle factors are involved in their pathogenesis. Calcium is important during growth, and probably up to about age 35, when peak bone mass is finally achieved. Recent controversy concerning the role of calcium in the middle-aged and elderly, arising out of population studies showing sometimes only weak calcium effects, can be resolved by recognizing the multifactorial character of involutional bone loss, and by careful attention to such details as national differences in habitual calcium intakes. Thus interpreted, metabolic, epidemiologic, and intervention studies are internally condidtent, and indicate that inadequate calcium intake also makes an important contribution to involutional bone loss.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0024958322&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0024958322&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 2517699

AN - SCOPUS:0024958322

VL - 104

SP - 36

EP - 46

JO - Public Health Reports

JF - Public Health Reports

SN - 0033-3549

IS - 5 SUPPL.

ER -