The CRL4VPRBP(DCAF1) E3 ubiquitin ligase directs constitutive RAG1 degradation in a non-lymphoid cell line

N. Max Schabla, Patrick C. Swanson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The development of B and T lymphocytes critically depends on RAG1/2 endonuclease activity to mediate antigen receptor gene assembly by V(D)J recombination. Although control of RAG1/2 activity through cell cycle- and ubiquitin-dependent degradation of RAG2 has been studied in detail, relatively little is known about mechanisms regulating RAG1 stability. We recently demonstrated that VprBP/DCAF1, a substrate adaptor for the CRL4 E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, is required to maintain physiological levels of RAG1 protein in murine B cells by facilitating RAG1 turnover. Loss of VprBP/DCAF1 in vivo results in elevated RAG1 expression, excessive V(D)J recombination, and immunoglobulin light chain repertoire skewing. Here we show that RAG1 is constitutively degraded when ectopically expressed in a human fibroblast cell line. Consistent with our findings in murine B cells, RAG1 turnover under these conditions is sensitive to loss of VprBP, as well as CRL4 or proteasome inhibition. Further evidence indicates that RAG1 degradation is ubiquitin-dependent and that RAG1 association with the CRL4VPRBP/DCAF1 complex is independent of CUL4 activation status. Taken together, these findings suggest V(D)J recombination co-opts an evolutionarily conserved and constitutively active mechanism to ensure rapid RAG1 turnover to restrain excessive RAG activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0258683
JournalPloS one
Volume16
Issue number10 October
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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