The aim of this study was to determine the effect of aluminablasting on the bond durability of universal adhesives and adherent surface characteristics. Adhese Universal (Ivoclar Vivadent), All-Bond Universal (Bisco), Bondmer Lightless (Tokuyama Dental), G-Premio Bond (GC), and Scotchbond Universal (3M ESPE) were used in self-etch mode. The prepared bovine enamel and dentin specimens were divided into two groups based on whether they received an aluminablasting prior to application of the universal adhesives. The resin composite bonded specimens were stored in distilled water at 37°C for 24 hours, following which the shear bond strength (SBS) of half of the specimens was measured (24-hour group). The other half was subjected to 30,000 thermal cycles between 5 and 55°C before SBS measurement (TC group). Surface roughness (Ra) and surface free energy (SFE) of the adherent surfaces were also measured, and scanning electron microscopy observation and scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive X-ray analysis were carried out. Most of the adhesives did not show any significant differences in enamel SBS values between the two pretreatment groups, regardless of the storage condition. However, the dentin SBS values were significantly lower in specimens that underwent aluminablasting compared with those that did not, irrespective of their storage conditions. Significantly higher Ra and SFE values were observed in the enamel and dentin of specimens that underwent aluminablasting. Although aluminablasting increased the Ra and SFE values of enamel and dentin, its effect on the SBS value was dependent on the tooth substrate. In addition to C, O, Na, Mg, P, and Ca, the element Al was detected in the enamel and dentin of samples that had undergone aluminablasting. These results suggest that although aluminablasting of the tooth surface is thought to be effective for modification of the adherent surface, it may not enhance enamel bond performance and may also adversely affect the dentin bond effectiveness of the universal adhesives.
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