The human promyelocytic leukemia protein is a tumor suppressor for murine skin carcinogenesis

Victoria M. Virador, Rafael E. Flores-Obando, Adam Berry, Rinal Patel, Julia Zakhari, Yu Chien Lo, Kathryn Strain, Joanna Anders, Christophe Cataisson, Laura A. Hansen, Stuart H. Yuspa

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5 Scopus citations


Expression of the PMLRARα fusion dominant-negative oncogene in the epidermis of transgenic mice resulted in spontaneous skin tumors attributed to changes in both the PML and RAR pathways [Hansen et al., Cancer Res 2003; 63:5257-5265]. To determine the contribution of PML to skin tumor susceptibility, transgenic mice were generated on an FVB/N background, that overexpressed the human PML protein in epidermis and hair follicles under the control of the bovine keratin 5 promoter. PML was highly expressed in the epidermis and hair follicles of these mice and was also increased in cultured keratinocytes where it was confined to nuclear bodies. While an overt skin phenotype was not detected in young transgenic mice, expression of keratin 10 (K10) was increased in epidermis and hair follicles and cultured keratinocytes. As mice aged, they exhibited extensive alopecia that was accentuated on the C57BL/6J background. Following skin tumor induction with 7, 12-dimethylbenz[a] anthracene (DMBA) as initiator and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) as promoter, papilloma multiplicity and size were decreased in the transgenic mice by 35%, and the conversion of papillomas to carcinomas was delayed. Cultured transgenic keratinocytes underwent premature senescence and upregulated transcripts for p16 and Rb but not p19 and p53. Together, these changes suggest that PML participates in regulating the growth and differentiation of keratinocytes that likely influence its activity as a suppressor for tumor development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)599-609
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular Carcinogenesis
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research


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