The modified gait abnormality rating scale for recognizing the risk of recurrent falls in community-dwelling elderly adults

Jessie M. Vanswearingen, Karen Paschal, Paula Bonino, Jeng Feng Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

78 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Purpose. The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability and validity of measurements obtained with it seven-item modified version of the Gait Abnormality Rating Scale (GARS-M), an assessment of gait designed to predict risk of falling among community-dwelling, frail older persons. Subjects. Fifty-two community-dwelling, frail fritter persons, with a mean age of 74.8 years (SD=6.75), participated. Methods. A history of tails was determined from self-report or by proxy report. The GARS-M was scored from videotapes of subjects walking at self-selected paces. Gait characteristics were recorded during a timed walk on a 6-m brown-paper walkway. Results. Scores obtained by three raters for 23 subjects demonstrated moderate to substantial intrarater and interrarer reliability. Concurrent validity, as assessed by Spearman rank-order correlation coefficients, was demonstrated for the relationship between GARS-M scores and stride length (r=-.754) and for the relationship between GARS-M scores and walking speed (r=-.679). Mean GARs-M scores distinguished between frail older persons with and without a history of recurrent falls (mean GARS-M scores of 9.0 and 3.8, respectively). Conclusion and Discussion. The GARS-M is a reliable and valid measure for documenting gait features associated with an increased risk of falling among, community-dwelling, frail older persons and may provide a clinically useful alternative to established quantitative gait- assessment methods. [VanSwearingen JM, Paschal KA, Bonino P, Yang JF. The modified Gait Abnormality Rating Scale for recognizing the risk of recurrent falls in community-dwelling elderly adults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)994-1002
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Therapy
Volume76
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Independent Living
Gait
Accidental Falls
Videotape Recording
Proxy
Nonparametric Statistics
Reproducibility of Results
Self Report
Walking

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

The modified gait abnormality rating scale for recognizing the risk of recurrent falls in community-dwelling elderly adults. / Vanswearingen, Jessie M.; Paschal, Karen; Bonino, Paula; Yang, Jeng Feng.

In: Physical Therapy, Vol. 76, No. 9, 09.1996, p. 994-1002.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vanswearingen, Jessie M. ; Paschal, Karen ; Bonino, Paula ; Yang, Jeng Feng. / The modified gait abnormality rating scale for recognizing the risk of recurrent falls in community-dwelling elderly adults. In: Physical Therapy. 1996 ; Vol. 76, No. 9. pp. 994-1002.
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