The propeptide converting enzyme PC1 prefers proinsulin over fluorescent peptide analogs as its substrate

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Abstract

The processing of proinsulin is being used in our laboratory to examine the selectivity demonstrated by propeptide converting enzymes. PC1 is responsible for the cleavage of the B-chain/Cpeptide junction in proinsulin. We have recently succeeded in generating recombinant human proinsulin (hPI) from bacteria, and PC1 using a baculovirus system. We have also developed an in vitro assay and are now attempting to determine kinetic constants for the action of a converting enzyme with its authentic substrate. Our initial results indicate that the Km for hPI is approximately 2 iiM compared to 25 nM for Pyr-RTKR-AMC. In the absence of an active site directed probe, RIA determination of enzyme concentration provides a lower limit for /tcat of 1 s-' for hPI and 0.5 S'1 for PyrRTKR-AMC. From this, the ratios of the specificity constants C

Original languageEnglish
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume11
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1997

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proinsulin
Proinsulin
peptides
Peptides
Substrates
Enzymes
enzymes
Baculoviridae
active sites
Assays
Catalytic Domain
Bacteria
kinetics
Kinetics
bacteria
assays
Processing

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "The propeptide converting enzyme PC1 prefers proinsulin over fluorescent peptide analogs as its substrate",
abstract = "The processing of proinsulin is being used in our laboratory to examine the selectivity demonstrated by propeptide converting enzymes. PC1 is responsible for the cleavage of the B-chain/Cpeptide junction in proinsulin. We have recently succeeded in generating recombinant human proinsulin (hPI) from bacteria, and PC1 using a baculovirus system. We have also developed an in vitro assay and are now attempting to determine kinetic constants for the action of a converting enzyme with its authentic substrate. Our initial results indicate that the Km for hPI is approximately 2 iiM compared to 25 nM for Pyr-RTKR-AMC. In the absence of an active site directed probe, RIA determination of enzyme concentration provides a lower limit for /tcat of 1 s-' for hPI and 0.5 S'1 for PyrRTKR-AMC. From this, the ratios of the specificity constants C",
author = "Robert Mackin",
year = "1997",
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journal = "FASEB Journal",
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T1 - The propeptide converting enzyme PC1 prefers proinsulin over fluorescent peptide analogs as its substrate

AU - Mackin, Robert

PY - 1997

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AB - The processing of proinsulin is being used in our laboratory to examine the selectivity demonstrated by propeptide converting enzymes. PC1 is responsible for the cleavage of the B-chain/Cpeptide junction in proinsulin. We have recently succeeded in generating recombinant human proinsulin (hPI) from bacteria, and PC1 using a baculovirus system. We have also developed an in vitro assay and are now attempting to determine kinetic constants for the action of a converting enzyme with its authentic substrate. Our initial results indicate that the Km for hPI is approximately 2 iiM compared to 25 nM for Pyr-RTKR-AMC. In the absence of an active site directed probe, RIA determination of enzyme concentration provides a lower limit for /tcat of 1 s-' for hPI and 0.5 S'1 for PyrRTKR-AMC. From this, the ratios of the specificity constants C

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