Diabetes, due to its multifactorial effects, increases the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Dyslipidemia is an important modifiable risk factor. Mixed dyslipidemia (low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [HDL-C], elevated triglycerides and a high percentage of small, dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol [LDL-C]) is a common lipid disorder in diabetics and is considered especially atherogenic. Research suggests that in patients with dyslipidemia, combination therapy with fibrates and statins may be more effective than statin monotherapy alone. The choline salt of fenofibric acid (choline fibrate) is indicated for the treatment of mixed dyslipidemia, either as a single treatment or in combination with statin therapy. It does not require first-pass metabolism, but dissociates in the gastrointestinal tract into the pharmacologically active fenofibric acid. This new formulation of fenofibric acid in combination with a low or moderate dose of statin has been shown to be effective in Increasing HDL-C and lowering triglycerides beyond that provided by statin monotherapy alone. The ACCORD trial failed to show a mortality or morbidity benefit after combination therapy, although the data suggested that combination therapy may benefit patients with mixed dyslipidemia.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology (medical)