The role of calcium in health and disease

Michael L. Power, Robert P. Heaney, Heidi J. Kalkwarf, Roy M. Pitkin, John T. Repke, Reginald C. Tsang, Jay Schulkin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

85 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Skeletal fragility at the end of the life span (osteoporosis) is a major source of morbidity and mortality. Adequate calcium intake from childhood to the end of the life span is critical for the formation and retention of a healthy skeleton. High intakes of calcium and vitamin D potentiate the bone loss prevention effects of hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women. Pregnancy and lactation are not risk factors for skeletal fragility, although lactation is associated with a transient loss of bone that cannot be prevented by calcium supplementation. Low calcium intake has been implicated in the development of hypertension, colon cancer, and premenstrual syndrome, and it is associated with low intakes of many other nutrients. Encouragement of increased consumption of calcium-rich foods has the potential to be a cost-effective strategy for reducing fracture incidence later in life and for increasing patients' dietary quality and overall health.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1560-1569
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume181
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Calcium
Health
Lactation
Premenstrual Syndrome
Bone and Bones
Food
Estrogen Replacement Therapy
Skeleton
Vitamin D
Colonic Neoplasms
Osteoporosis
Hypertension
Morbidity
Costs and Cost Analysis
Pregnancy
Mortality
Incidence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Power, M. L., Heaney, R. P., Kalkwarf, H. J., Pitkin, R. M., Repke, J. T., Tsang, R. C., & Schulkin, J. (1999). The role of calcium in health and disease. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 181(6), 1560-1569.

The role of calcium in health and disease. / Power, Michael L.; Heaney, Robert P.; Kalkwarf, Heidi J.; Pitkin, Roy M.; Repke, John T.; Tsang, Reginald C.; Schulkin, Jay.

In: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol. 181, No. 6, 1999, p. 1560-1569.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Power, ML, Heaney, RP, Kalkwarf, HJ, Pitkin, RM, Repke, JT, Tsang, RC & Schulkin, J 1999, 'The role of calcium in health and disease', American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 181, no. 6, pp. 1560-1569.
Power ML, Heaney RP, Kalkwarf HJ, Pitkin RM, Repke JT, Tsang RC et al. The role of calcium in health and disease. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 1999;181(6):1560-1569.
Power, Michael L. ; Heaney, Robert P. ; Kalkwarf, Heidi J. ; Pitkin, Roy M. ; Repke, John T. ; Tsang, Reginald C. ; Schulkin, Jay. / The role of calcium in health and disease. In: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 1999 ; Vol. 181, No. 6. pp. 1560-1569.
@article{a44e57d1baa94f848db96bf3e8c6efc4,
title = "The role of calcium in health and disease",
abstract = "Skeletal fragility at the end of the life span (osteoporosis) is a major source of morbidity and mortality. Adequate calcium intake from childhood to the end of the life span is critical for the formation and retention of a healthy skeleton. High intakes of calcium and vitamin D potentiate the bone loss prevention effects of hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women. Pregnancy and lactation are not risk factors for skeletal fragility, although lactation is associated with a transient loss of bone that cannot be prevented by calcium supplementation. Low calcium intake has been implicated in the development of hypertension, colon cancer, and premenstrual syndrome, and it is associated with low intakes of many other nutrients. Encouragement of increased consumption of calcium-rich foods has the potential to be a cost-effective strategy for reducing fracture incidence later in life and for increasing patients' dietary quality and overall health.",
author = "Power, {Michael L.} and Heaney, {Robert P.} and Kalkwarf, {Heidi J.} and Pitkin, {Roy M.} and Repke, {John T.} and Tsang, {Reginald C.} and Jay Schulkin",
year = "1999",
language = "English",
volume = "181",
pages = "1560--1569",
journal = "American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology",
issn = "0002-9378",
publisher = "Mosby Inc.",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The role of calcium in health and disease

AU - Power, Michael L.

AU - Heaney, Robert P.

AU - Kalkwarf, Heidi J.

AU - Pitkin, Roy M.

AU - Repke, John T.

AU - Tsang, Reginald C.

AU - Schulkin, Jay

PY - 1999

Y1 - 1999

N2 - Skeletal fragility at the end of the life span (osteoporosis) is a major source of morbidity and mortality. Adequate calcium intake from childhood to the end of the life span is critical for the formation and retention of a healthy skeleton. High intakes of calcium and vitamin D potentiate the bone loss prevention effects of hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women. Pregnancy and lactation are not risk factors for skeletal fragility, although lactation is associated with a transient loss of bone that cannot be prevented by calcium supplementation. Low calcium intake has been implicated in the development of hypertension, colon cancer, and premenstrual syndrome, and it is associated with low intakes of many other nutrients. Encouragement of increased consumption of calcium-rich foods has the potential to be a cost-effective strategy for reducing fracture incidence later in life and for increasing patients' dietary quality and overall health.

AB - Skeletal fragility at the end of the life span (osteoporosis) is a major source of morbidity and mortality. Adequate calcium intake from childhood to the end of the life span is critical for the formation and retention of a healthy skeleton. High intakes of calcium and vitamin D potentiate the bone loss prevention effects of hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women. Pregnancy and lactation are not risk factors for skeletal fragility, although lactation is associated with a transient loss of bone that cannot be prevented by calcium supplementation. Low calcium intake has been implicated in the development of hypertension, colon cancer, and premenstrual syndrome, and it is associated with low intakes of many other nutrients. Encouragement of increased consumption of calcium-rich foods has the potential to be a cost-effective strategy for reducing fracture incidence later in life and for increasing patients' dietary quality and overall health.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0033397853&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0033397853&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Review article

C2 - 10601943

AN - SCOPUS:0033397853

VL - 181

SP - 1560

EP - 1569

JO - American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

JF - American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

SN - 0002-9378

IS - 6

ER -