The Vitamin D requirement in health and disease

Robert P. Heaney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

326 Scopus citations

Abstract

Advances in Vitamin D nutritional physiology since publication of the DRIs in 1997 are briefly summarized. Available data indicate that (1) Vitamin D's canonical function, optimizing intestinal calcium absorption, is fully expressed at serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) concentration of ∼80 nmol/L; (2) elevated parathyroid activity, typical of aging populations, is minimized at the same 25OHD value and (3) osteoporotic fractures are reduced when serum 25OHD is raised to near 80 nmol/L. Depending upon starting value, achieving 25OHD concentrations of 80 or higher may require a daily oral intake of 2200 IU (55 μg) or more in addition to prevailing cutaneous inputs. The tolerable upper intake level (TUIL), currently set at 2000 IU (50 μg)/day, is too low to permit optimization of Vitamin D status in the general population. Actual toxicity is not seen below serum 25OHD values of 250 nmol/L, a value that would be produced only at continuing oral intakes in excess of 10,000 IU (250 μg)/day.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-19
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Volume97
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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