Theoretical and empirical exploration of the similarities between emotional numbing in posttraumatic stress disorder and alexithymia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

77 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study rationally and scientifically examines the similarities between the emotional numbing symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alexithymia. A clinical database from the Iowa City Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center consisting of data from 274 combat veterans was used. Significant positive correlations were found between measures of PTSD, alexithymia, and combat exposure. Principal components analysis supported a lack of independence between PTSD subscales and alexithymia, as all variables loaded on one factor best labeled PTSD. This article presents both theoretical and empirical evidence suggesting that in traumatized persons, alexithymia may be better conceptualized as the emotional numbing aspect of PTSD rather than as a distinct construct.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-360
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Anxiety Disorders
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2003

Fingerprint

Affective Symptoms
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Veterans
Principal Component Analysis
Databases

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

@article{a4e06836aff34e8f9d7d66ae3b5553ba,
title = "Theoretical and empirical exploration of the similarities between emotional numbing in posttraumatic stress disorder and alexithymia",
abstract = "This study rationally and scientifically examines the similarities between the emotional numbing symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alexithymia. A clinical database from the Iowa City Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center consisting of data from 274 combat veterans was used. Significant positive correlations were found between measures of PTSD, alexithymia, and combat exposure. Principal components analysis supported a lack of independence between PTSD subscales and alexithymia, as all variables loaded on one factor best labeled PTSD. This article presents both theoretical and empirical evidence suggesting that in traumatized persons, alexithymia may be better conceptualized as the emotional numbing aspect of PTSD rather than as a distinct construct.",
author = "{Badura Brack}, {Amy S.}",
year = "2003",
doi = "10.1016/S0887-6185(02)00201-3",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
pages = "349--360",
journal = "Journal of Anxiety Disorders",
issn = "0887-6185",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Theoretical and empirical exploration of the similarities between emotional numbing in posttraumatic stress disorder and alexithymia

AU - Badura Brack, Amy S.

PY - 2003

Y1 - 2003

N2 - This study rationally and scientifically examines the similarities between the emotional numbing symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alexithymia. A clinical database from the Iowa City Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center consisting of data from 274 combat veterans was used. Significant positive correlations were found between measures of PTSD, alexithymia, and combat exposure. Principal components analysis supported a lack of independence between PTSD subscales and alexithymia, as all variables loaded on one factor best labeled PTSD. This article presents both theoretical and empirical evidence suggesting that in traumatized persons, alexithymia may be better conceptualized as the emotional numbing aspect of PTSD rather than as a distinct construct.

AB - This study rationally and scientifically examines the similarities between the emotional numbing symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alexithymia. A clinical database from the Iowa City Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center consisting of data from 274 combat veterans was used. Significant positive correlations were found between measures of PTSD, alexithymia, and combat exposure. Principal components analysis supported a lack of independence between PTSD subscales and alexithymia, as all variables loaded on one factor best labeled PTSD. This article presents both theoretical and empirical evidence suggesting that in traumatized persons, alexithymia may be better conceptualized as the emotional numbing aspect of PTSD rather than as a distinct construct.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0037265129&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0037265129&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0887-6185(02)00201-3

DO - 10.1016/S0887-6185(02)00201-3

M3 - Article

C2 - 12727127

AN - SCOPUS:0037265129

VL - 17

SP - 349

EP - 360

JO - Journal of Anxiety Disorders

JF - Journal of Anxiety Disorders

SN - 0887-6185

IS - 3

ER -