Aims Diabetes therapies that provide durable glycaemic control for people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are needed. We present efficacy results of albiglutide, a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist, in people with T2DM over a 3-year period. Methods Five of the 8 HARMONY phase 3 trials, comparing albiglutide with other therapies or placebo across a spectrum of clinical care, lasted for a preplanned 3 years. Participants with uncontrolled hyperglycaemia who met predetermined criteria could receive rescue medication. The ability to remain on study medication without needing additional rescue was an efficacy measure. Glycaemic measures and body weight were analysed in 2 populations: those who remained rescue-free and all participants. Results Participants (n = 3132) were randomised to albiglutide or comparator. A greater proportion of participants who received albiglutide remained rescue-free (55–71%) compared with placebo (35–51%; p < 0.001 to p = 0.002). The proportion of rescue-free participants with albiglutide did not differ from glimepiride or insulin glargine, was higher than with sitagliptin (p = 0.013), and lower than with pioglitazone (p = 0.045). At 3 years, albiglutide was associated with clinically significant reductions in hyperglycaemia (eg, rescue-free participants: HbA1c −0.52% [SE0.11] to −0.98% [0.12]; −5.7 mmol/mol [1.2] to −10.7 mmol/mol [1.3] and all participants: HbA1c −0.29% [0.11] to − 0.92% [0.13]; −3.2 mmol/mol [1.2] to −10.1 mmol/mol [1.4]). Albiglutide was also associated with modest reductions in body weight vs pioglitazone, glimepiride, and insulin glargine, which were associated with weight gain. Conclusion These 3-year efficacy data support long-term use of albiglutide in the management of people with T2DM. ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00849056, NCT00849017, NCT00838903, NCT00838916, NCT00839527.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism