The sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+-ATPase was purified and reconstituted into the sealed phospholipids vesicles with or without transmembrane Ca2+ gradient. The role ofphospholipids, especially phosphatidylcholine(PC), in the modulation of Ca2+-ATPase by transmembrane Ca2+ gradient was investigated. The results are as follows. (i) Incubated with phospholipids, the enzyme activity of the delipidated Ca2+-ATPase is inhibited by Ca2+ and the highest inhibition is observed in the presence of PC. (ii) When there exists a transmembrane Ca2+ gradient (higher Ca2+ concentration inside vesicles, 1 000 μmol/L:50 μmol/L, similar to the physiological condition), the inhibition of Ca2+-ATPase by transmembrane Ca2+ gradient can be only observed in the vesicles containing PC:PE, but not in those containing PS:PE or PG:PE. The highest inhibition is obtained at a 50:50 molar ratio of PC:PE. (iii) By comparing the effects of PC differing in acyl chains, higher inhibition of Ca2+-ATPase is observed in vesicles containing DPPC:PE and DOPC:PE, while no inhibition in DMPC:PE vesicles. (iv) If the transmembrane Ca2+ gradient is in the inverse direction, the enzyme activity of Ca2+-ATPase is inhibited whenever reconstituted with acidic or neutral phospholipids.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Science in China (Scientia Sinica) Series B|
|State||Published - Jun 1 1995|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Science(all)
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)