Tricuspid and mitral endocarditis due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus exhibiting vancomycin-creep phenomenon

Pranathi R.ao Sundaragiri, Saraschandra Vallabhajosyula, Toufik M.ahfood Haddad, Dennis J. Esterbrooks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Right-sided infective endocarditis (RIE) is commonly due to Staphylococcus aureus and often involves the tricuspid valve (TV). A 31-year-old man with prior intravenous drug use presented with substernal pain, cough, dyspnoea and fever. Examination revealed a febrile, tachycardic male with peripheral infective endocarditis stigmata and right-heart failure. Laboratory parameters demonstrated leucocytosis, lactic acidosis and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) bacteraemia. Echocardiography demonstrated multiple TV echodensities and chest imaging confirmed septic emboli. The MRSA species demonstrated 'vancomycin-creep', necessitating therapy with daptomycin and ceftaroline. Owing to persistent bacteraemia and septic shock, the patient underwent TV surgery, but continued to have a poor postoperative course with subsequent death. Indications for surgical therapy of RIE are limited to the European guidelines and most data are extrapolated from left-heart disease. MRSA exhibiting vancomycin-creep portends a poorer prognosis and requires aggressive therapy. We advocate the use of ceftaroline salvage therapy with daptomycin, pending further trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalBMJ case reports
Volume2015
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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