Maturity-onset diabetes of the young-type 1 (MODY1) is a form of monogenic type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with long-term complications due to mutations in the HNF-4α gene. The HNF-4α gene is involved in hepatic differentiation and expression of genes regulating glucose transport, glycolysis, and lipid metabolism. The abnormal glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in MODY1 subjects may be due to reduced glucose transport and glycolysis. To date, 14 mutations in the HNF-4α gene have been identified as a cause of either MODY1 or late-onset type 2 diabetes. So far, no screening has been performed in subjects from the Philippines. We recruited a Philippino family with autosomal dominant early-onset type 2 diabetes and screened the proband for mutations in the genes for HNF-1α, GCK, HNF-4α, IPF-1, HNF-6, and NGN3. We identified a new missense mutation in exon 5 (V199I) of the HNF-4α gene and 2 new single-nucleotide substitutions in intron 4, IVS4-nt4 (G→A) and IVS4-nt20 (C→T), all cosegregating with diabetes in the 3 affected available siblings. These variations were not present in 100 normal healthy subjects. Bioinformatic analysis suggests that these variations in the whole, and overall the IVS4-nt4 variation located at splicing site, may affect the splicing potential of intron 4. We have biochemically and clinically characterized the Philippine-1 family. We suggest that the V199I missense mutation located in the ligand binding/dimerization domain of HNF-4α contributes to type 2 diabetes in the Philippine-1 family. The intron variations may contribute susceptibility to diabetes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism