Type 1 Diabetes Management and Health Care Experiences Across Rural Nebraska

Vanessa D. Jewell, Amanda C. Wise, Emily L. Knezevich, Amy A. Abbott, Benjamin Feiten, Kameran Dostal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: This study aimed to explore the unique health care needs of rural Nebraska families with a child with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Method: Using a phenomenological approach, the researchers conducted four focus groups across Nebraska. The focus groups gathered input from children, caregivers, and health care providers (n = 23). The researchers coded data and generated themes. Member checking, researcher triangulation, reflexivity, a thick description of the process, and an audit trail established trustworthiness. Results: Four themes emerged: dramatic family and lifestyle changes following diagnosis, lack of access to specialized care resulting in complications, isolation improved health management resourcefulness, and technology improved health management and flexibility. Discussion: Lifestyle changes persist after a child's diagnosis with T1DM. Rural families reported unpredictable health status of their child, reduced health care services, and limited information access. Conversely, limited specialty health care access, resources, and community support led to creative self-education, advocacy, and health care management strategies. Diabetes technology offered opportunities for improved provider-patient communication and continuous glucose monitoring.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Pediatric Health Care
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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