Undecided empire: The travails of imperial representation of filipinos at the greater america exposition, 1899

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations


This article examines the first formal exhibit of Filipinos under American rule at the Greater America Exposition in Omaha, Nebraska, in 1899. It focuses specifically on the remarkably discursive forms of representation at a time before official discourses of empire and the "Philippines" or "Filipinos" were established. In this sense the exposition marked a rare instance of true colonial encounter in which the contingencies and vulnerabilities of empire were plainly manifest. The exposition also provided a critical baseline by which to gauge evolving discourses of representation at subsequent expositions, particularly the 1904 St. Louis World's Fair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)341-363
Number of pages23
JournalPhilippine Studies: Historical and Ethnographic Viewpoints
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 26 2015


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cultural Studies
  • History
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this