Unpaid caregiving and aging in place in the United States: Advancing the value of occupational therapy

Beth Fields, Juleen Rodakowski, Vanessa D. Jewell, Sajay Arthanat, Melissa Park, Catherine Verrier Piersol, Stacey L.Schepens Niemiec, Jennifer Womack, Tracy M. Mroz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Unpaid caregivers are often expected to help family members or friends overcome activity limitations and participation restrictions to successfully age in place. Caregivers assume multiple responsibilities, such as managing their own physical and psychosocial needs and navigating a complex health care system, and many feel ill equipped to fulfill the necessary health care responsibilities for their care recipients. Underprepared caregivers may cause poor outcomes for care recipients. Federal and state policy proposals call attention to the need to better support caregivers, especially as their numbers increase. Occupational therapy practitioners are well positioned to effectively engage caregivers as they navigate the health care system. The occupational therapy process looks broadly at the functional abilities, environmental contexts, and occupational demands that play a pivotal role in successful aging in place for clients and better outcomes for their caregivers. Now is the time to define occupational therapy's distinct value to this area.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7505347010
JournalAmerican Journal of Occupational Therapy
Volume75
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Occupational Therapy

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