Urban Minority Community Safety and its Impact on Physical Activity

The Center for Promoting Health and Health Equity-Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (CPHHE-REACH) Initiative

Omofolasade Kosoko-Lasaki, Olúgbémiga T. Ekúndayò, Jeffrey Smith, Olivia Ochuba, Gavin Hayashi, Raheem Sanders, Richard Brown, John R. Stone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background/Purpose: Daily physical activity is known to improve personal health and well-being and can often be influenced by one's living environment. A qualitative secondary data analysis of a focus group study, performed by the Creighton University Center for Promoting Health and Health Equity (CPHHE) – Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH), assesses behavioral changes in individuals who participated in newly established physical activities in faith-based organizations, local residential towers, and the local community health center. Method: Applying thematic analysis within the Health Belief Model framework, the investigators further investigated the relationships between its constructs and levels of physical activity in urban minority neighborhoods. Results: Results indicated that residents who perceived their neighborhoods as unsafe had a negative attitude toward physical activity. In contrast, building social relationships and camaraderie that enhanced social cohesion were major themes that increased participants’ self-efficacy, resulting in positive changes in health behavior. Conclusion: Community partnerships had a positive impact on motivating individuals to live healthier lifestyles. An interesting concept was that of community efficacy, which reflects the community's confidence in its ability to generate behavioral changes in individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of the National Medical Association
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

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Safety
Health
Community Health Centers
Aptitude
Health Behavior
Self Efficacy
Focus Groups
Health Equity
Research Personnel
Organizations

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Urban Minority Community Safety and its Impact on Physical Activity: The Center for Promoting Health and Health Equity-Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (CPHHE-REACH) Initiative",
abstract = "Background/Purpose: Daily physical activity is known to improve personal health and well-being and can often be influenced by one's living environment. A qualitative secondary data analysis of a focus group study, performed by the Creighton University Center for Promoting Health and Health Equity (CPHHE) – Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH), assesses behavioral changes in individuals who participated in newly established physical activities in faith-based organizations, local residential towers, and the local community health center. Method: Applying thematic analysis within the Health Belief Model framework, the investigators further investigated the relationships between its constructs and levels of physical activity in urban minority neighborhoods. Results: Results indicated that residents who perceived their neighborhoods as unsafe had a negative attitude toward physical activity. In contrast, building social relationships and camaraderie that enhanced social cohesion were major themes that increased participants’ self-efficacy, resulting in positive changes in health behavior. Conclusion: Community partnerships had a positive impact on motivating individuals to live healthier lifestyles. An interesting concept was that of community efficacy, which reflects the community's confidence in its ability to generate behavioral changes in individuals.",
author = "Omofolasade Kosoko-Lasaki and Ek{\'u}nday{\`o}, {Ol{\'u}gb{\'e}miga T.} and Jeffrey Smith and Olivia Ochuba and Gavin Hayashi and Raheem Sanders and Richard Brown and Stone, {John R.}",
year = "2019",
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language = "English (US)",
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AU - Ekúndayò, Olúgbémiga T.

AU - Smith, Jeffrey

AU - Ochuba, Olivia

AU - Hayashi, Gavin

AU - Sanders, Raheem

AU - Brown, Richard

AU - Stone, John R.

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