Using tomorrow's headlines for today's training: Creating pseudo-reality in conflict resolution simulation games

Noam Ebner, Yael Efron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations


This article introduces the "pseudo-reality" method of constructing and conducting conflict resolution training workshops. This method focuses on creating a backdrop against which participants engage in building negotiation and mediation skills using real-life events and facts - but only to the extent that these events and facts promote the learning process. By creating pseudo-reality, trainers can overcome strong preconceptions or biases that can interfere with the learning process while at the same time preserving the advantages of working within a familiar, realistic environment. This method is meant to be used when the main goal of a workshop is skill building rather than imparting substantive knowledge of a specific conflict. The article illustrates this method by describing its use at a workshop conducted recently in Cyprus, in which the Israeli-Palestinian conflict served as a backdrop for conflict resolution skill building. Finally, the article describes a model designed to help conflict resolution trainers create pseudo-reality in their own workshops.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)377-393
Number of pages17
JournalNegotiation Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2005
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Management of Technology and Innovation
  • Strategy and Management
  • Social Sciences(all)

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