Utilization of ambulatory physical therapy and occupational therapy by the United States Population, 2009-2013

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

PURPOSE: The aging of the U.S. population and insurance reforms in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 have been postulated to increase future demand for physical therapy and occupational therapy. The purpose of this study was to develop population estimates for and describe the demographic characteristics of persons using ambulatory physical therapy and occupational therapy during 2009-2013. METHOD: From data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey-Household Component, population estimates of the number of persons utilizing ambulatory therapy services were developed for the total U.S. population and by selected demographic characteristics: Age, sex, census region, race/ethnicity and income category. RESULTS: The ambulatory therapy patient population grew by an average rate of 5.9% to a total of 13.2 million persons in 2013. The average annual growth rate was higher for persons aged 0- 17, age over 64, Asian-Americans, Black Americans, and persons living in low income and near-poor households. The typical user was a working-age, Caucasian female living in a middle or high income household. CONCLUSIONS: While the typical user of ambulatory therapy services represents persons who traditionally have good access to health care, the results of this study point to an aging of the population using therapy services and improved access to ambulatory therapy services for historically underserved populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)225-231
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Allied Health
Volume46
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

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Occupational Therapy
Population
Therapeutics
Demography
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
Health Services Accessibility
Asian Americans
Vulnerable Populations
Censuses
Health Expenditures
Insurance
Sex Characteristics
Growth

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

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title = "Utilization of ambulatory physical therapy and occupational therapy by the United States Population, 2009-2013",
abstract = "PURPOSE: The aging of the U.S. population and insurance reforms in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 have been postulated to increase future demand for physical therapy and occupational therapy. The purpose of this study was to develop population estimates for and describe the demographic characteristics of persons using ambulatory physical therapy and occupational therapy during 2009-2013. METHOD: From data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey-Household Component, population estimates of the number of persons utilizing ambulatory therapy services were developed for the total U.S. population and by selected demographic characteristics: Age, sex, census region, race/ethnicity and income category. RESULTS: The ambulatory therapy patient population grew by an average rate of 5.9{\%} to a total of 13.2 million persons in 2013. The average annual growth rate was higher for persons aged 0- 17, age over 64, Asian-Americans, Black Americans, and persons living in low income and near-poor households. The typical user was a working-age, Caucasian female living in a middle or high income household. CONCLUSIONS: While the typical user of ambulatory therapy services represents persons who traditionally have good access to health care, the results of this study point to an aging of the population using therapy services and improved access to ambulatory therapy services for historically underserved populations.",
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N2 - PURPOSE: The aging of the U.S. population and insurance reforms in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 have been postulated to increase future demand for physical therapy and occupational therapy. The purpose of this study was to develop population estimates for and describe the demographic characteristics of persons using ambulatory physical therapy and occupational therapy during 2009-2013. METHOD: From data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey-Household Component, population estimates of the number of persons utilizing ambulatory therapy services were developed for the total U.S. population and by selected demographic characteristics: Age, sex, census region, race/ethnicity and income category. RESULTS: The ambulatory therapy patient population grew by an average rate of 5.9% to a total of 13.2 million persons in 2013. The average annual growth rate was higher for persons aged 0- 17, age over 64, Asian-Americans, Black Americans, and persons living in low income and near-poor households. The typical user was a working-age, Caucasian female living in a middle or high income household. CONCLUSIONS: While the typical user of ambulatory therapy services represents persons who traditionally have good access to health care, the results of this study point to an aging of the population using therapy services and improved access to ambulatory therapy services for historically underserved populations.

AB - PURPOSE: The aging of the U.S. population and insurance reforms in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 have been postulated to increase future demand for physical therapy and occupational therapy. The purpose of this study was to develop population estimates for and describe the demographic characteristics of persons using ambulatory physical therapy and occupational therapy during 2009-2013. METHOD: From data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey-Household Component, population estimates of the number of persons utilizing ambulatory therapy services were developed for the total U.S. population and by selected demographic characteristics: Age, sex, census region, race/ethnicity and income category. RESULTS: The ambulatory therapy patient population grew by an average rate of 5.9% to a total of 13.2 million persons in 2013. The average annual growth rate was higher for persons aged 0- 17, age over 64, Asian-Americans, Black Americans, and persons living in low income and near-poor households. The typical user was a working-age, Caucasian female living in a middle or high income household. CONCLUSIONS: While the typical user of ambulatory therapy services represents persons who traditionally have good access to health care, the results of this study point to an aging of the population using therapy services and improved access to ambulatory therapy services for historically underserved populations.

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