Wnt/β-catenin signaling is a normal physiological response to mechanical loading in bone

John A. Robinson, Moitreyee Chatterjee-Kishore, Paul J. Yaworsky, Diane M. Cullen, Weiguang Zhao, Christine Li, Yogendra Kharode, Linda Sauter, Philip Babij, Eugene L. Brown, Andrew A. Hill, Mohammed P. Akhter, Mark L. Johnson, Robert R. Recker, Barry S. Komm, Frederick J. Bex

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Abstract

A preliminary expression profiling analysis of osteoblasts derived from tibia explants of the high bone mass LRP5 G171V transgenic mice demonstrated increased expression of canonical Wnt pathway and Wnt/β-catenin target genes compared with non-transgenic explant derived osteoblasts. Therefore, expression of Wnt/β-catenin target genes were monitored after in vivo loading of the tibia of LRP5 G171V transgenic mice compared with non-transgenic mice. Loading resulted in the increased expression of Wnt pathway and Wnt/β-catenin target genes including Wnt10B, SFRP1, cyclin D1, FzD2, WISP2, and connexin 43 in both genotypes; however, there was a further increased in transcriptional response with the LRP5 G171V transgenic mice. Similar increases in the expression of these genes (except cyclin D1) were observed when non-transgenic mice were pharmacologically treated with a canonical Wnt pathway activator, glycogen synthase kinase 3β inhibitor and then subjected to load. These in vivo results were further corroborated by in vitro mechanical loading experiments in which MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells were subjected to 3400 microstrain alone for 5 h, which increased the expression of Wnt10B, SFRP1, cyclin D1, FzD2, WISP2, and connexin 43. Furthermore, when MC3T3-E1 cells were treated with either glycogen synthase kinase 3β inhibitor or Wnt3A to activate Wnt signaling and then subjected to load, a synergistic up-regulation of these genes was observed compared with vehicle-treated cells. Collectively, the in vivo and in vitro mechanical loading results support that Wnt/β-catenin signaling is a normal physiological response to load and that activation of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway enhances the sensitivity of osteoblasts/osteocytes to mechanical loading.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31720-31728
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume281
Issue number42
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 20 2006

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Robinson, J. A., Chatterjee-Kishore, M., Yaworsky, P. J., Cullen, D. M., Zhao, W., Li, C., Kharode, Y., Sauter, L., Babij, P., Brown, E. L., Hill, A. A., Akhter, M. P., Johnson, M. L., Recker, R. R., Komm, B. S., & Bex, F. J. (2006). Wnt/β-catenin signaling is a normal physiological response to mechanical loading in bone. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 281(42), 31720-31728. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M602308200